Great Sphynx of Giza, Egypt


The Great Sphinx of Giza  is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion’s body and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza.

It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres long, 19.3 metres wide, and 20.22 m high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra.

Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC)

The builder of Giza’s second pyramid, Khafra is perhaps best known because his face was the model for that of the Great Sphinx, which guards his tomb site.One of the younger sons of the pharoah Khufu, Khafra succeeded his half-brother Djedefra to become fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty. Khafra also adopted the title…

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